JSW Steel Limited is a 10.0 Mtpa integrated steel plant and 2 corex & 4 blast furnace forms the main iron making units. Sinter and pellet are the main iron bearing feed to iron making units. JSW Steel Limited operates with a 4.2x2 Mtpa pellet plant and the production rate of each pellet plant is ~500t/hr. Pellet plant utilizes 100% beneficiation plant (BP) product for pellet making. Beneficiation plant product size (pellet grade fines) is coarser (-45micron - 40 to 45%) in nature. Optimum particle size of the raw material is required to get the desired properties of the pellets. BP plant has set up two number of ball mill to get the optimum particle size for pellet making. Pelletisation studies were carried out in laboratory by varying the ball mill discharge size from 52 to 68% -45micron size to optimize the pellet grade fines size to achieve desired physical and metallurgical properties of the fired pellets. The desired physical and metallurgical properties of the pellets were obtained with the iron ore fineness 64% -45micron size due to presence of well balanced mineralogical phases.

Failure assessment was made on cylindrical pressure vessels containing longitudinal weld misalignment performing finite element analysis (FEA) utilizing the Ansys software package. A 20° section of the cylindrical shell wall was modeled utilizing the plane strain element (plane 182) with the longitudinal weld in the centre of section. The weld misalignment was introduced by shifting the position of the cylindrical section on one side of the weld relative to the other section. Failure pressure estimates from FEA based on the global plastic deformation are found to be in good agreement with existing test results on vessels made of Afnor 15CDV6 steel and maraging steels.

Steel history and its chronological progress have been reviewed from different aspects on many published papers, and books and it can be found on many websites. However, one historical aspect of this topic, which has received limited attention, is the gradual progress in knowledge of controlling cooling rate to get the desirable thermal and mechanical properties for the steel products. This paper presents some evidence of understanding the effect of cooling rate on the material properties from Iron Age era. It also discusses briefly the importance of determining optimimum cooling rate in enhancing the production rate.

This paper discusses the major sources of residual stress generation in the steel microstructure during cooling process of as-cast steel (slabs, blooms, and billets). The stress configuration of the steel microstructure changes during quenching due to stresses introduced to the microstructure by these sources. The influence of each source in increasing the stress distribution within the microstructure during quenching is explained via corresponding formula and qualitative discussion in separate sections. The stresses accumulated during cooling may introduce the residual stress concentration zones in the microstructure of the steel.
These stress concentration zones may result in flaws, microcracks or voids formation. Consequently, it may lower the soundness of the steel and cause deviation of the thermo-mechanical properties of the cast steel from the initially designed and customer desired specified properties.

The control of non-metallic inclusions is an important tool for steel properties optimization. Most related actions of this control involve the prevision of the slag-metal and inclusion-metal equilibrium, aiming at implementation of operational practices to obtain a more adequate inclusion profile.
Computational thermodynamics has proved to be a powerful tool in the prevision of equilibrium in different metallurgical systems, especially in the metal-oxide system in question. The aim of this work is to present the application of computational thermodynamics in the study of formation and control of non-metallic inclusions in steels, mainly during secondary refining. This work shows that the careful application of computational thermodynamics can drastically reduce the empirics in the process development for the control of non-metallic inclusions in steels, contributing to an increase in the efficiency of the process manufacture, to improve the present product quality and to enable the economic development of new products.

news in steel

Perfectly matched value adding system that fulfills the requirements of the chemical industry

ACHEMA visitors will observe the function of the system using both steel and plastic drums in a simulated circuit. An automatic labeler perfectly rounds out the simulation. A video will also demonstrate in an entertaining way how the process connection with SAP works.

ANDRITZ delivers new walking beam furnace for wire mill at Swiss Steel AG

International technology group ANDRITZ has received an order from Swiss Steel AG, Switzerland, for the supply, installation, and startup of a new walking beam furnace with an output of 150 t/h for heating the continuous-cast billets at the Emmenbrücke plant, Switzerland. Start-up is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2019.

Saarstahl AG and Mapudo GmbH are presenting themselves together for the first time at the "Wire"

Start-up Mapudo is the new “online wire” connection to Saarstahl

· Source 2A material easily using the platform mapudo.com

· Joint presentation in hall 12 at stand A 72

Expansion: GFH GmbH increases office and production space

Since the laser micro machining specialist GFH has grown continuously at an average rate of 50% over the last few years, a decision was made in the spring of 2016 to increase production capacities and expand at the Deggendorf location.